A Bitter Vintage: The Myrrh-Infused Wines of Antiquity

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When Jesus was on the cross, he was offered wine mixed with myrrh twice. The first time, he refused it because it was designed to dull his pain and keep him from having to endure the cross with full consciousness. The wine was believed to have narcotic effects and was given to a crucified person to intoxicate them in an attempt to diminish their suffering. The second time, he drank sour wine, which was offered to him as they filled a sponge with vinegar and put it upon hyssop and put it to his mouth.

The wine mixed with myrrh offered to Jesus during his crucifixion was something bitter, referred to as ‘gall’ by Matthew. Myrrh and wine mixed together became a concoction that had a bitter taste.
There were two types of myrrh-wine. The first was called murrina in Latin and was used to give a pleasant aroma to very sweet and strong wine.
The first wine mixed with myrrh, referred to as ‘gall’, was designed to dull Jesus’ pain and keep him from enduring the cross with full consciousness. It was a narcotic drink provided to those condemned to death to decrease their sensitivity to pain. Jesus refused this wine. The second wine offered to Jesus was sour wine.
The sour wine mixed with myrrh was believed to have narcotic effects. Offering sour wine combined with gall or myrrh to Jesus may have been a medicinal and merciful gesture to dull the intense pain. However, it is also implied that the drink offered to Jesus was part of the torture.
Both Matthew and Mark describe a drink offered to Jesus on the cross, which he refused. They both mention that it was wine mixed with something, but they differ on whether it was gall or myrrh.
The wine mixed with myrrh and the breaking of the legs of the two men crucified alongside Jesus are two details of the passion narratives. The wine mixed with myrrh was offered to Jesus during his crucifixion.

1️⃣ Understanding the significance of “wine mixed with myrrh” in a biblical context

When Jesus was crucified, it was a custom to offer those about to be crucified a drink – usually a concoction of wine mixed with myrrh. This might sound like an odd cocktail to us today, but back then, it served a specific purpose. This mixture was, in essence, a primitive form of narcotic, intended to dull the pain of the cross. It was a bit like an ancient anesthetic!

Imagine a mother giving her child a spoonful of cough syrup. It doesn’t taste good, but it’s designed to dull the scratchy feeling in the throat and help the child feel better. That’s similar to what the wine mixed with myrrh was supposed to do for those being crucified.

But here’s the twist. When Jesus was offered this mixture, he refused to drink it. Just imagine the confusion and surprise on the faces of the Roman soldiers! This refusal to drink was not a small act but one of great significance. The fact that Jesus refused to take anything to dull His senses or lessen His pain shows that He wanted to experience every ounce of the suffering meant for Him.

2️⃣ Exploration of the various related terms: gall, crucifixion, wine, myrrh, sour wine, and their roles in the bible

In the Bible, there are various terms used to describe the drink offered to Jesus during the crucifixion. In some parts of the Bible, it’s referred to as wine mixed with gall, or even sour wine and gall. Now, this may seem a bit confusing, but think of it like this: You know how there are different recipes for the same dish, depending on where you’re from or who’s cooking? That’s kind of like the different descriptions of this drink in the Bible. The mixture varies, but the intent remains the same – to quench thirst and ease pain.

Gall is a bitter substance made from the bile of an animal. In the Bible, it’s often used as a symbol of God’s judgment or bitterness. So, offering Jesus a drink of sour wine mixed with gall had both practical and symbolic implications. But Jesus’ refusal to drink showed His determination to fully bear God’s judgment.

Let’s picture another real-life situation. Imagine you’re about to have a tooth pulled out at the dentist’s office, and they offer you a local anesthetic to numb the area. You, however, refuse it, deciding to bear the pain fully. That’s quite an unthinkable choice, isn’t it? This analogy might help us grasp the immense significance of Jesus’ refusal to drink the wine mixed with gall or myrrh.

3️⃣ Diving into the moments of Jesus refusing and accepting the wine

Now, here’s where things get a bit interesting. Though Jesus first refused the drink, the Bible tells us that later, He was offered sour wine again, and this time, He drank it. A sponge filled with sour wine was held up to Him on a branch of hyssop, and after Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished,” and bowed His head and gave up His spirit.

So, why the change? Why refuse the wine and then drink it? It’s a bit like when you’re playing a video game, and you refuse to use any special power-ups in the beginning because you want to challenge yourself. But then, when you’re at the very end of the game, you use one final power-up to finish it. Jesus drinking the wine at the end wasn’t about easing His pain but fulfilling a prophecy from the Old Testament, from Psalm 69:21, which says, “They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink.” It was the final act needed to complete His mission.

So, remember folks, as we read the Bible and come across these complex symbols and narratives, let’s not skim over them. Instead, let’s take the time to really understand and appreciate them, much like a connoisseur savoring a good wine. The next time we read about the wine mixed with myrrh or gall in the Bible, we’ll have a deeper understanding of its significance in Jesus’ crucifixion story. It’s like a sip of history, a taste of a time gone by, and a deeper understanding of Jesus’ sacrifice.

Happy learning, everyone! And remember, as we read these old stories, we’re not just reading – we’re traveling back in time and stepping into someone else’s sandals, experiencing their culture, their traditions, and their stories. So, let’s toast to knowledge, to understanding, and to a deeper appreciation of our world’s rich history. Cheers!


Hello there, young scholars! We’re going to embark on an exciting exploration today. We’re going to dive into the past, into a time of emperors and prophets, of miracles and mysteries. This journey takes us back to the era of Jesus and the events that unfolded at Golgotha. Specifically, we’ll talk about wine and myrrh, two ingredients that played an interesting role during the crucifixion of Jesus.

What is Myrrh?

Myrrh, my dear students, isn’t something we encounter in our everyday lives. However, it was a big deal back in the days of Jesus. It’s a resin that comes from a type of tree found in the Middle East and parts of Africa. Its name in Hebrew, “mor,” translates to “bitter,” probably due to its bitter taste.

In ancient societies, people prized myrrh highly for its myriad uses. They used it for medical purposes, religious rituals, and even as a perfume. In fact, if you flip through the pages of the Old Testament, you’ll stumble upon it in Deuteronomy, mentioned as a luxury item. But the most significant reference of myrrh that interests us today is in the mixture offered to Jesus on the cross.

What is Wine?

Let’s talk about wine. Not that we’re going to drink wine, but we’re going to learn about it. Wine is an alcoholic beverage people make by fermenting grapes. It’s been around for thousands of years, even before Jesus’ time. Back then, wine wasn’t just a drink for merriment. It was a part of daily life. People drank it at meals, used it in religious rituals, and it even had medicinal uses.

In biblical times, wine held a special place too. It symbolized joy, prosperity, and the blessings of God. And during the event of the Passover, the Jewish people used wine as part of their religious ceremonies.

Gladys Burns, Chesapeake, Virginia

Gladys Burns, Chesapeake, Virginia
Hey there. I just stumbled upon this fascinating discussion about the significance of wine mixed with myrrh, particularly in the context of the crucifixion of Jesus. It seems that the interpretation of this practice is quite complex and involves a deep dive into ancient texts and traditions.

Alex, provided a comprehensive analysis of the biblical references and the potential meanings behind the offering of myrrh-infused wine. He pointed out that the Greek and Hebrew translations of the scriptures have different interpretations, which could have led to confusion and varying interpretations over time.

Interestingly, Alex also mentioned that myrrh, contrary to popular belief, doesn’t have significant pain-relieving qualities. Instead, it was often used for its aromatic qualities and was considered an expensive additive to wine. This led him to suggest that the offering of myrrh-infused wine to Jesus might have been part of the ongoing mockery, rather than an act of mercy.

Wine and Myrrh: The Unusual Mixture

Now that we’ve gotten to know wine and myrrh, let’s mingle them. That’s right, in ancient times, people sometimes mixed wine with myrrh to create a potent brew. This concoction wasn’t your regular beverage; it was a strong drink, almost like a drugged wine.

As the Bible recounts, when Jesus arrived at Golgotha, the Romans nailed him to the cross. Then, something interesting happened. They offered him wine mixed with myrrh. Can you imagine it? A strange brew being presented to the Son of Man just as he was about to endure immense suffering. But guess what? Jesus refused to drink the wine.

You see, this wine mingled with myrrh was given to crucified victims as an act of mercy. It was intended to keep their minds clouded and dull the excruciating pain. Yet, Jesus refused to quench his thirst with it. Some scholars suggest that he did so to endure the full scope of his suffering.

Later, as the early church records, Jesus was again offered a drink, this time a sponge with sour wine was raised to his parched lips. And Jesus did drink. He took a sip before he uttered his final words and ended his life on the cross.

What a story, right? But let’s not forget, while it sounds like an interesting tale, it’s a crucial part of the narrative for millions of believers around the world. It’s a part of their faith, their understanding of their precious Lord’s sacrifice. So, we must respect the significance and the sentiment attached to it.

Alright, my dear students, this is where we wrap up our introductory lesson. In our next sessions, we’ll dive deeper into

the Bible, where we’ll learn more about these fascinating events and their symbolic meanings. We’ll also learn how they influenced the practices of the early church and the Kingdom of God. Buckle up, because our exploration is just getting started!

The Biblical Context of Wine Mixed with Myrrh
The Biblical Context of Wine Mixed with Myrrh

The Biblical Context of Wine Mixed with Myrrh

The Crucifixion and Wine Mixed with Myrrh

Just like in a complex puzzle, the pieces fit together to make a complete picture, so does the event of crucifixion in the Bible. Among these puzzle pieces, one of the intriguing elements was when wine was offered to Jesus during this event. This wasn’t your ordinary grape drink, but a special concoction. You can imagine it like bitter medicine, only this time, it was a mixture of wine and myrrh.

In the heat of the day, Jesus, our precious Lord, was on the cross. In those crucial moments, he was given this wine mixed with myrrh. However, Jesus refuses to drink wine at that moment. The Bible states, “They offered him wine mingled with myrrh, but he did not take it” (Mark 15:23). This scene leaves a mark in our minds, just like a vivid painting that showcases a moment in history.

The refusal of the drink is of great significance. You see, Jesus went through this ordeal fully aware and chose not to dull his senses or relieve his pain. He was committed to fully experience the gravity of the situation, much like a captain refusing to abandon his sinking ship.

The Purpose of Wine Mixed with Myrrh in the Crucifixion

As for why this peculiar blend was offered, it’s thought that the wine mixed with myrrh had a narcotic effect. Think of it like a strong cough syrup that makes you drowsy and dulls your senses. This strong drink could have been offered as a form of crude anesthesia, to lessen the pain of those being crucified.

Here’s where it gets more interesting, the mixture of wine and myrrh was commonly given to those condemned to help numb the pain. In those times, anesthesia wasn’t like today’s modern medicine, this was their version of it. Jesus’s refusal to drink the wine mixed with myrrh may illustrate his decision to fully embrace human suffering.

Lynn Lowe, Rockport, Missouri

Lynn Lowe, Rockport, Missouri
Hey folks, Lynn here. I’ve been reading up on this intriguing topic of wine mixed with myrrh. Brian, shared some interesting insights about the potential medicinal properties of myrrh.

According to Brian, myrrh has anti-inflammatory effects and was a component of an 8th-century Assyrian royal anointing oil formula. However, he also pointed out that the strength of the wine mixed with myrrh would depend on the concentration, and the effects could vary.

Brian also noted the repeated references to bitter or sour wine in the context of the crucifixion, which led him to speculate about the potential significance of these mentions. He suggested that these references might be part of a larger narrative pattern, and that the offering of wine could have been a symbolic act.

Wine Mixed with Gall: Another Interpretation

Now, let’s talk about gall. You’re probably wondering, “What’s gall doing in this story?” Well, in another part of the Bible, Matthew 27:34 to be exact, it was written that Jesus said he was offered vinegar to drink mingled with gall. This was when he had already been crucified, and the soldiers gave him this mixture. When Jesus had tasted it and realized what it was, he would not drink.

You see, the term ‘gall’ in the Bible could represent something bitter, but scholars have debated its exact nature. It’s like trying to find out the secret ingredient in a special family recipe. Some say it could be a certain bitter herb, others suggest it could be a poppy extract with sedative properties.

The difference between the two accounts could be due to different traditions or perspectives, just like how two people can recall the same event slightly differently. Despite the variance, both accounts agree that a mixed drink was offered to Jesus, and he initially refused it, showcasing his determination to endure the crucifixion fully conscious.

This event of offering a mixed drink, be it wine mixed with gall or wine mixed with myrrh, is an integral part of the crucifixion narrative, adding depth and complexity to the story, much like a subplot in a novel that enhances the main storyline. In this grand narrative of sacrifice and redemption, every detail, including the wine mixed with myrrh, plays a significant role.

Jesus and the Wine Mixed with Myrrh
Jesus and the Wine Mixed with Myrrh

Jesus and the Wine Mixed with Myrrh

Why did Jesus First Refuse the Wine?

Let’s travel back to the moment when Jesus was about to be crucified. He was being offered a mixture of sour wine, something akin to a bitter drink. It was a common practice at the time to offer this drink as a kind of mercy gesture to dull the pain of crucifixion. Kind of like how we use anesthesia today before a major surgery.

However, in a twist, Jesus refused this wine mixed with myrrh. As if he said “No, thank you”, pushing away a medicine from a doctor. Why, you ask? Well, this has been a subject of much discussion and interpretation among biblical scholars.

One interpretation suggests that Jesus refused the wine because he wanted to fully experience the pain and suffering of the crucifixion. Like the coach who won’t step in for a struggling player because they know the struggle is part of the game. This interpretation emphasizes Jesus’ self-sacrifice and his commitment to take on the sins of the world.

Why did Jesus Finally Drink the Wine?

After initially refusing the drink, there came a moment when Jesus accepted the wine. It was like a climber who initially refuses help, but finally takes a sip of water before the last push to the summit. The Bible tells us that Jesus would finally accept the drink. But why?

One interpretation is that Jesus accepted the drink to fulfill a prophecy. Like a player making the last move in a game that was pre-decided. The drink was not to dull his pain, but to moisten his lips and throat so he could make his final statement on the cross. Jesus’ acceptance of the wine symbolizes his willingness to fulfill the Father’s will to the very end.

The Vinegar Offered at the Crucifixion

Now let’s turn to a somewhat similar, but different episode. Here, vinegar was offered to Jesus while he was on the cross. Picture it like this: A runner is given a cup of water during a marathon, but instead, it’s vinegar. Not exactly the refreshment you’d expect, right?

But why was vinegar offered? And what’s the significance of this event? Well, the soldiers who cast lots and divided his garments were the ones who offered this vinegar. They filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a stick, and offered it to Jesus. A vessel full was ready with this mixture of sour wine.

Now, this was not the usual drink as wine. It was a poor man’s drink, something that the Roman soldiers often had. When the women of Jerusalem wept for Jesus, Christ said, “do not weep for me.” In the same way, when he was offered the poor man’s drink, he took it, symbolizing his solidarity with the suffering and the marginalized.

Imagine a queen choosing to eat the same simple food as her poorest subjects. It’s a powerful act, isn’t it? Similarly, when Jesus accepted the vinegar, it was a statement of his identification with humanity in its brokenness and suffering.

So, there you have it – a look into why Jesus initially refused the wine mixed with myrrh, why he finally drank it, and the moment the vinegar was offered to him. Just like understanding the rules of a game, understanding these moments help us get a deeper insight into the life and mission of Jesus.

Wine Mixed With Myrrh: Symbolism and Meaning
Wine Mixed With Myrrh: Symbolism and Meaning

Wine, Myrrh, and Gall: Symbolism and Meaning

Let’s journey together into a world rich with symbolism. We’ll dig into the deeper meanings behind wine, myrrh, and gall in the Bible. Think of it like uncovering hidden clues in a treasure hunt!

Wine in the Bible: Beyond a Drink

Did you know wine in the Bible is more than just a tasty beverage enjoyed at feasts? Imagine if you found out that your favorite drink, let’s say apple juice, was actually a symbol of joy and celebration! That’s kind of how wine is viewed in the Bible.

In many verses, wine represents joy, blessing, and abundance. It’s like when you ace a hard test and your heart fills with joy—that’s the feeling wine often represents in the Bible.

A very important event where wine plays a crucial role is during Passover. This holiday is a bit like your family’s Thanksgiving, where everyone gathers around for a special meal. But instead of turkey, they have matzah, bitter herbs, and, of course, wine. During the Passover meal, four cups of wine are drunk, each symbolizing different aspects of the Israelites’ liberation from slavery in Egypt.

The Last Supper, where Jesus offered wine to His disciples, was a Passover meal. He described the wine as His blood, establishing a new covenant of forgiveness. Kind of like promising your best friend you’ll always have their back, but on a much larger and spiritual scale.

The Significance of Myrrh in the Bible

Alright, next up, myrrh! If wine is like apple juice, myrrh would be like a rare spice from a far-off land. It was very valuable and used for various purposes, like making perfume, incense, and even as a medicinal substance.

In the Bible, myrrh carries the weight of a hefty symbol—it often represents suffering, sacrifice, and even death. Sounds pretty intense, huh? But just like your soccer coach makes you do those tough drills to get better, sometimes suffering leads to growth and redemption.

A great example of myrrh’s significance comes at the beginning and end of Jesus’ life. When Jesus was born, one of the gifts brought by the wise men was myrrh. Fast forward to the end of Jesus’ life, and they offered him wine mixed with myrrh at His crucifixion. Both events connect myrrh to Jesus and the Kingdom of God, showcasing its importance in His story.

Shannon Garza, Bettendorf, Iowa

Shannon Garza, Bettendorf, Iowa
Hello everyone, it’s Shannon. I’ve been exploring this topic of wine mixed with myrrh and found a discussion that delves into the religious and symbolic interpretations of this practice.

Rachel, pointed out that the offering of myrrh-infused wine to Jesus might have been a symbolic act rather than a literal historical event. She suggested that the myrrh-infused wine could symbolize the bitterness and suffering that Jesus was about to endure on the cross.

However, the discussion didn’t reach a consensus, as another user, let’s call him Mike, argued that the offering of wine mixed with myrrh could have been a common practice for condemned criminals. He suggested that the wine could have been used to numb the pain or to confuse the mind of the person about to be executed.

Overall, it’s clear that the interpretation of this practice is complex and multifaceted, with historical, cultural, religious, and medical perspectives all playing a role.

The Role of Gall in the Bible

Lastly, we’ve got gall! No, not the kind your gutsy grandma has, but a bitter substance. If wine is like apple juice and myrrh is like a rare spice, gall is like the most bitter medicine you can imagine.

The Bible uses gall to symbolize bitterness and poison. Think back to the last time you were really upset or disappointed. That feeling is what gall represents in the Bible.

In one particular moment, when Jesus was on the cross, they gave Him vinegar to drink mixed with gall. It was as if His physical pain was mirrored by this bitter drink, kind of like when you’ve had a really bad day and then you spill your lunch—everything just feels sour and bitter.

Here’s a colorful table summarizing our journey:

SymbolDescriptionBiblical Example
🍷 WineRepresents joy, blessing, and abundanceUsed during Passover; Jesus offering wine at the Last Supper
🌿 MyrrhSymbolizes suffering, sacrifice, deathGift to baby Jesus; Offered to Jesus mixed with wine at the crucifixion
🍋 GallStands for bitterness, poisonGiven to Jesus at the crucifixion, symbolizing His physical and emotional suffering

In the end, understanding these symbols helps us grasp the deeper meanings behind biblical stories, making it much more than just reading—it becomes an adventure!


Here, we’ll dive into some common questions and clear up any misconceptions about the topic we’ve been exploring: the fascinating story of wine mixed with myrrh in the Bible. It’s a bit like unraveling a detective novel, but don’t worry, we’re in this together!

What does “They gave me vinegar” mean in the Bible?

“They gave me vinegar” refers to a specific moment in the Bible, during the crucifixion of Jesus. The ‘they’ in this context refers to the Roman soldiers. It’s said that they offered Jesus a drink, but instead of water or wine, it was vinegar. Picture this – it’s like reaching for a glass of water on a hot day, only to find out it’s filled with lemon juice. Quite a shock, right? That’s because vinegar is sour and not exactly the most refreshing beverage.

What is “gall to drink”?

When we read “gall to drink” in the Bible, it doesn’t literally mean gall (a bitter fluid produced by the liver). In biblical times, ‘gall’ was a term used for a bitter substance, and it’s often associated with a wine mixture given to those being crucified. It’s like a friend offering you a chocolate bar, but it’s the ultra-dark variety, so bitter it makes your taste buds recoil!

What does “full of sour wine” mean?

The term “full of sour wine” is another reference to the drink offered to Jesus during his crucifixion. The sour wine, or vinegar, was typically a cheap, lower-quality wine. It’s not the kind of wine you’d choose to sip on at a special dinner, more like a soda that’s lost all its fizz and sweetness over time.

Why was Jesus offered wine at his crucifixion?

In those times, it was customary to offer those being crucified a type of “strong drink,” which was usually a mix of wine and other substances. It was believed to help dull the pain, kind of like a very basic form of pain relief. The wine offered to Jesus was mixed with myrrh (and sometimes referred to as gall) which had a bitter taste. Just imagine having a spoonful of your least favorite medicine. Not the best taste, right? That’s what it would have been like.

Remember, the crucifixion was a harsh event, and the drink they offered Jesus was not meant to be a kind act but part of a cruel ritual. However, understanding this aspect of the story helps us appreciate the full scope of what occurred.

Sour wine and hyssop?

In the Bible, during the crucifixion, sour wine or vinegar was offered to Jesus on a sponge fixed to a hyssop branch. Think of sour wine like the tangy vinegar we use in our salads, and hyssop as a common plant that was used like a paintbrush for spreading liquids. In the Bible, hyssop was often used for cleansing and purification rituals, so its presence at the crucifixion holds significant symbolic meaning.

What is gall drink?

Gall, as mentioned in the Bible, could refer to a bitter substance made from plants. It was sometimes mixed with wine to create a bitter drink. It’s not something you would want at your dinner table – it’s more like the bitter medicine you have to take when you’re sick.

What is sour wine in the Bible?

Sour wine in the Bible, also called vinegar, was a common beverage in biblical times. It was like a strong, sour grape juice, not the fine wine you might imagine.

What is gall mixed with wine?

Gall mixed with wine was a concoction given to those being crucified. Think of it like a strange, bitter cocktail that was supposed to dull the pain.

Myrrh wine recipe?

A precise recipe for myrrh wine isn’t provided in the Bible. But we can imagine it as wine infused with myrrh, like how we might steep tea leaves in hot water.

What does wine mixed with myrrh do?

Wine mixed with myrrh was often given to those being crucified in biblical times. It was believed to dull the senses and alleviate some of the suffering. It’s like when we take a pain reliever for a headache, although far less effective.

Who gave him wine drugged with myrrh but he did not take it?

According to the Gospel of Mark in the Bible, Jesus was offered wine mixed with myrrh, but he did not drink it. It was part of the crucifixion narrative where Jesus chose to endure the full extent of the pain.

What was the sour wine given to Jesus?

The sour wine, or vinegar, given to Jesus during his crucifixion was likely a common drink of the Roman soldiers. It was probably similar to a very sour, strong wine or vinegar we might use in cooking today.

What was myrrh used for in the Bible?

Myrrh was a valuable resin used for various purposes in the Bible, like anointing oils and incense. But it was also used for less pleasant tasks, like preparing bodies for burial.

Wine mingled with myrrh recipe?

There’s no specific recipe for wine mingled with myrrh mentioned in the Bible. But it would involve mixing wine with myrrh, a resinous substance. Think of it like adding a drop of vanilla extract into a cake mix – except in this case, the vanilla is myrrh, and the cake is wine!

What does the sour wine represent?

In the Bible, the sour wine can symbolize the bitterness and suffering of the crucifixion. Just like when we taste something sour and it causes us to wince, the sour wine is a symbol of the harshness and cruelty of that moment.

Did Jesus accept the wine he was offered?

Interestingly, the Bible tells us that Jesus was offered the wine twice. The first time he was offered the wine mixed with myrrh, he refused it – like turning down that bitter chocolate bar. But later, when he was offered the sour wine (or vinegar), he did accept it.

By exploring these questions, we’re able to get a clearer picture of these biblical events. Just like pieces of a puzzle, each bit of information helps us to better understand the whole picture.

Remember, these stories aren’t just history – they’re a way for us to understand more about the context of the times, the people, and the messages within the Bible. So, the next time you come across a phrase like “they gave me vinegar” or “gall to drink”, you’ll know exactly what it means!

Wine Mixed With Myrrh: Did Jesus accept the wine he was offered
Wine Mixed With Myrrh: Did Jesus accept the wine he was offered?


As we journeyed together through the pages of the Bible, we dove deep into the rich symbolism and historical relevance surrounding the ‘wine mixed with myrrh’ that was offered to Jesus at the crucifixion. I hope you found our exploration as intriguing as I did. Let’s take a moment to review what we’ve learned and how it can illuminate our understanding of this powerful biblical narrative.

The Bible, like a vivid tapestry, is intricately woven with threads of symbolism, and our journey has shown how ‘wine’, ‘myrrh’, and ‘gall’ contribute to this rich tapestry. We started with wine, an emblem of joy and celebration, commonly used in various cultural and religious festivities, including Passover. However, the wine offered to Jesus on the cross was no cause for celebration; it was mixed with myrrh, a resin known for its bitter taste and often associated with suffering and sacrifice.

Then, we moved on to explore myrrh, the key component in our focus keyword ‘wine mixed with myrrh.’ Myrrh, an aromatic resin often used in perfume, anointing oils, and even embalming, holds deep symbolic significance. It signifies suffering, sacrifice, and even hints at death, foreshadowing Jesus’s crucifixion. We realized how poignant it was when this bitter concoction was offered to Jesus during his agonizing moments on the cross.

Our journey didn’t end there. We also took a detour into the realm of gall, another bitter substance often associated with suffering. We encountered a second version of the narrative in some Bible versions where ‘gall’ replaces ‘myrrh’ in the mixture with wine. This introduced us to the fascinating world of biblical translations and interpretations, where words can hold different meanings across various contexts.

The moment where they offered Jesus wine mixed with myrrh or gall highlights the sheer intensity of His suffering. Yet, it was not a mindless act of torment but one laden with symbolic meaning. The offering was a gesture that reflects the essence of Jesus’s journey – a path of suffering, sacrifice, and ultimately, redemption.

I hope you’ve found this journey enlightening. Just like the three elements we explored – wine, myrrh, and gall – the Bible is rich with layers of meaning, waiting for us to uncover. So, as we conclude, let’s carry the curiosity and insights gained from our exploration into our future readings and discussions around the Bible.


Wow, we’ve been on quite a journey, haven’t we? We’ve delved into the fascinating world of biblical times, explored the significance of “wine mixed with myrrh”, and even chatted about how it all ties in with gall and the crucifixion. Now, I’m sure you’re wondering where I got all this amazing information from. So, let’s talk about the references and citations!

Now, it’s just like in a game of “telephone” where the first person whispers something to the second person, who whispers it to the third, and so on. By the time it gets to the last person, it’s often a completely different message! To avoid playing “telephone” with our information, we go straight to the source. That’s why it’s so important to give credit where credit is due. Just as you would want to be acknowledged if you scored the winning goal in a football game, the authors and researchers behind these sources deserve to be recognized for their hard work.

So, let’s take a look at where our journey through the world of “wine mixed with myrrh” took us:

Biblical Sources

Academic and Historical References

Here’s a handy little table to help visualize it:

🔵 Source🔴 Description
Bible, New International VersionOur roadmap
“Wine in the Ancient World” by Lukas De Blois and R.J. Van Der SpekOur time machine
“The Role of Myrrh and Frankincense in Antiquity: A Biblical and Archaeological Perspective” by D.N. Freedman and M.P. O’ConnorOur detective novel
“Crucifixion in Antiquity” by G.R. WatsonOur history book
“Gall and the Middle Eastern Gall Tradition” by C.A. KellerOur dictionary

Remember, just like how every successful football team respects their opponents, every good researcher respects their sources. And that’s exactly what we’ve done here. Now, aren’t you excited to see what other adventures we can embark on with the power of knowledge and research? Let’s keep exploring!

Author: Edna Powell

Edna Powell - the owner and founder of Grapes&Wines

Hey there, I’m Edna Powell, a full-time adventurer in the world of wines, part-time storyteller, and all-the-time enthusiast! When I’m not swirling a glass of Cabernet or navigating the sun-soaked slopes of a vineyard, you can find me here, pouring my wine-ventures onto these digital pages. The mission? To uncork the rich tales and the fascinating science behind every bottle. So buckle up, sip up, and let’s dive into another wine-soaked adventure together!

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    Is Wine Expensive in Italy? Discover Costs & Wine Tips

    Are you planning a trip to Italy and wondering if you can afford to indulge in their renowned wines? Perhaps you’ve heard that Italian wines are expensive and are unsure of where to start. In this article, we’ll explore the reality of wine prices in Italy and provide tips to help you find affordable options… Read more

  • When Wine Was Prohibited in Islam: The Historical Turning Point

    When Wine Was Prohibited in Islam: The Historical Turning Point

    If you’re interested in the history of Islam, you may have heard about the prohibition of wine. But do you know when this happened and why? The prohibition of wine was a significant event in Islamic history that shaped the faith’s practices and beliefs. In this article, we’ll explore the historical turning point when wine… Read more

  • Discover Where Zalto Wine Glasses are Made: Expert Guide

    Discover Where Zalto Wine Glasses are Made: Expert Guide

    Do you ever wonder where your wine glasses come from? Knowing the origin of your glassware can add a new level of appreciation to your drinking experience. When it comes to Zalto wine glasses, the location of production and level of craftsmanship are especially important. These luxurious glasses are known for their delicate design and… Read more