A Gall-ing Development: When Bile Entered the Wine Glass




Wine Mixed With Gall


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There are several references in the Bible to wine mixed with gall, which was offered to Jesus while he was on the cross. Gall refers to a bitter-tasting substance made of a plant such as wormwood or myrrh, which was mixed with wine to create a potion that dulled the sense of pain. The mixture of sour wine and gall was often given to the suffering to ease their pain in death. The Roman soldiers offered this drink to Jesus twice, and he refused the first time, likely knowing that its bitter taste meant it was more of a poison than a painkiller. The second time, he drank it, but only to prolong his suffering and experience it in full so that the world could have a relationship with God. The fact that Jesus was offered gall was prophesied thousands of years before Jesus was born.

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In the Bible, gall refers to a bitter-tasting substance made from plants such as wormwood or myrrh. Matthew 27:34 and Mark 15:23 mention that as Jesus was being crucified, the Roman soldiers offered him wine mixed with gall. The bitterness in the wine was due to the presence of myrrh.
The wine mixed with myrrh, referred to as ‘gall’, was something bitter. Myrrh and wine mixed together became a concoction with a bitter taste. It was offered to Jesus on the cross.
Matthew and Mark both describe a drink offered to Jesus on the cross, which he refused. They both mention that it was wine mixed with something, but they differ on whether it was gall or myrrh.
The wine mixed with gall offered to Jesus on the cross may have been a medicinal and merciful gesture to dull the intense pain. It could have been a narcotic drink provided to those condemned to death to decrease their sensitivity to pain.
The wine offered to Jesus on the cross was mixed with gall or myrrh. The gall or myrrh used in the mixture was likely a narcotic substance that could help numb the pain or potentially be an invitation to commit suicide.
The wine offered to Jesus on the cross was sour and mixed with gall. Gall refers to a substance made from myrrh, which was mixed into the wine. It was designed to dull Jesus’ senses and ease some of the pain from his crucifixion. The combination of gall and wine could have had narcotic effects. Jesus refused the wine the first time it was offered, but drank it the second time.

First, we’re exploring the significance of ‘wine mixed with gall.’ Think of it like a weird smoothie mix that nobody really wants to try. It’s this concoction that was offered to Jesus on the cross. But why? And what does it mean? We’re going to find out!

You know, the story of Jesus’s crucifixion is like a dramatic movie, full of ups and downs, suspense, and emotions. One small detail in this story is when the soldiers offered Jesus wine mixed with gall, a drink that Jesus refused.

Did you ever wonder why Jesus refused to drink the wine? It’s like being offered a glass of water in the scorching summer heat and saying, “No, thank you.” Seems strange, right? We’ll dive into the reasons why Jesus might have done that.

But let’s first clarify what we’re talking about. When we say ‘wine mixed with gall,’ we’re not talking about a delicious cocktail. In fact, it was a mixture of sour wine (imagine a drink that’s gone bad) and gall, a bitter substance. Now, that doesn’t sound very tasty, does it?

🍷Sour Wine

Now, when we say sour wine 🍷, we are referring to the wine that’s turned somewhat vinegary, not a great taste, right? And gall 🌱, well, that’s another term for something bitter, imagine chewing on a really bitter herb. Now mix them together, and you get the ‘wine mixed with gall’ that was offered to Jesus. Not exactly a refreshing drink, is it?

Just imagine this: Jesus was nailed to the cross, in agony, and someone came up offering him this strange drink.

At first, Jesus was offered this mixture, but Jesus refused to drink wine. It’s like someone handed you a mystery smoothie, and you took a sniff and said, “Uh, no way, I’m not drinking that!” That’s what Jesus did.

But why?

Well, some say the wine was mixed with myrrh, a kind of narcotic that could dull the pain. It’s like someone offered him a drink with a painkiller mixed in. But Jesus refused it. It’s like he wanted to fully experience the pain and suffering of his crucifixion.

Wow, that’s pretty intense, right?

Don’t worry; we’ll dive deeper into all this. We’ll look at all the details, the clues, the hints that can help us understand this better. Just like detectives, remember? So, let’s roll up our sleeves, put on our detective glasses, and get started!

Historical and Biblical Background

Let’s start with a story. Imagine you’re on a long journey, and you finally reach a place called Golgotha. You’re tired, thirsty, and someone offers you a drink. You eagerly reach for it, only to find out that it’s not just wine to drink, it’s wine mingled with gall! Yikes!

Understanding the Components: Wine, Gall, and Vinegar

Definition and Characteristics of Wine in Biblical Times

In Biblical times, wine was a common beverage, much like how we might grab a glass of juice today. This wine, however, was often diluted with water to ensure it was safe to drink and to help it last longer. It wasn’t exactly like the wine we know today, but it served the same purpose – a satisfying drink that could quench the thirst of the drinkers.

Understanding What Gall Signifies and Its Implications

Now, here comes the curveball, the gall. Gall in the Bible can refer to a bitter substance made from plant extracts. But it’s not something you’d usually find in your drink. The addition of gall to wine gave it a bitter taste, something that would not be pleasant to drink. When we think of Jesus being offered gall to drink, it was like being given something supposed to be enjoyable and comforting, but turned harsh and unpalatable – a cruel trick!

The Potential Role of Vinegar in the Narrative

So, where does vinegar come in? Some Bible translations mention vinegar instead of wine. Just like how we might switch out sugar for honey in a recipe, vinegar might have been used instead of wine in the mixture given to Jesus. Vinegar, like gall, is bitter, reinforcing the idea of a drink meant to be soothing turned bitter and hard to swallow.

"Wine mixed with gall" in the Crucifixion Narrative

‘Wine Mixed with Gall’ in the Crucifixion Narrative

Instances Where ‘Wine Mixed with Gall’ Appears in the Bible

The phrase ‘wine mixed with gall’ shows up in the crucifixion story when Jesus was offered wine to drink mixed with gall as he was nailed to the cross. The Roman soldiers gave Jesus wine mixed with bitter gall, a cruel jest in a moment of suffering. It’s mentioned in Matthew 27:34, where it says, “they gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall.”

Detailed Analysis of These Instances

This moment is significant and filled with symbolism. The mixture of wine and gall represents the bitter suffering that Jesus was about to endure. The wine was offered, but Jesus first tasted it and realized what it was. He refused the wine, he would not drink. Why? Perhaps because he knew he had to endure the suffering without any form of relief.

Psalm 69:21 also mentions a similar incident, “they gave me vinegar for my thirst,” which might be fulfilled through this act. The act of offering a mixture of wine and gall, a sour wine and gall, and Jesus’s refusal to drink it may have been seen as a fulfillment of this Old Testament prophecy.

Do you remember our journey to Golgotha at the beginning? Now, think about being offered a drink, a drink mixed with gall, and how that might feel. Imagine the disappointment, the added burden of not just the physical torment, but the mental and emotional toll as well. That’s a small glimpse into the bitterness of the wine mixed with gall in the crucifixion story.

Gregory Roach, Tucson, Arizona

Gregory Roach, Tucson, Arizona
Hey folks, I stumbled upon a fascinating discussion the other day about the use of wine mixed with myrrh during ancient times. There was this guy, let’s call him Sam, who was talking about how this mixture was offered to Jesus during his crucifixion. Sam was questioning whether this was used as a form of pain relief.

There was a lot of back and forth, but one comment that stood out was from Alex. Alex pointed out that while it’s a common belief that myrrh-wine was used for pain relief, there’s no solid historical evidence to back this up. He mentioned that myrrh was used to flavor wine and help preserve it, but nothing about pain relief.

Another user, Mike, added a fun fact to the discussion. He mentioned that the sponge used to serve wine was probably a Roman tool called a xylospongium, which was used by soldiers for personal hygiene. Gross, but interesting!

This moment, when Jesus was offered wine, when wine was given, and when Jesus tasted, but refused the drink, is one of many important moments in the crucifixion story, offering us deeper insights into the suffering Jesus endured.

Let’s also remember, the crucifixion wasn’t just a one-time event; it was a series of

happenings. From the moment they arrived at Golgotha, when they offered him wine mixed, to when they divided his garments and cast lots, each action carries its weight and adds to our understanding of the story.

So, that’s our journey through the Biblical background of ‘wine mixed with gall.’ Just like the unpleasant taste of gall in a comforting drink of wine, this moment in the crucifixion story reveals the bitter reality of Jesus’s suffering on the cross.

Deep Dive Wine Mixed with Gall

Deep Dive: Wine Mixed with Gall

Why Was Jesus Offered Wine Mixed with Gall?

Imagine you’re a time traveler who just stepped out of your time machine and arrived at a scene straight out of a history book. The scene is something you’re familiar with, but seeing it in person is quite different. It’s the crucifixion, and they’ve just nailed him to the cross. At this moment, they offered Jesus wine to drink. But it wasn’t just any wine, it was wine mixed with gall. Why would they do that?

This is one of those puzzles that historians, theologians, and scholars have been trying to piece together for centuries. One explanation could be that it was a form of strong drink offered to those about to be crucified to numb the pain. But, interestingly, the Bible tells us that Jesus did not want to take it. Another theory is that it was a fulfillment of prophesy, as foretold in the book of Psalms (Psalm 69:21).

Just as a chef combines ingredients to bring out the unique flavors in a dish, so too do these historical and cultural factors blend to create a deeper understanding of this gesture.

Sour Wine and Gall: A Merciful Gesture or Mockery?

To get our heads around this, let’s think of a coin. On one side is mercy, on the other is mockery. Some biblical scholars see the offering of sour wine and gall as a kind of mercy – a bit like being given a local anesthetic before having a tooth pulled out. After all, it’s not the kind of drink as wine one would serve at a party. On the other hand, there are scholars who believe this was an act of mockery. Just as vinegar is sharp and unpleasant compared to wine, so too was this gesture a bitter insult, like promising someone a gift and then giving them a box of rocks.

PerspectiveBiblical References
MercyProverbs 31:6-7
MockeryPsalm 69:21

Jesus’ Initial Refusal: Why Did Jesus Refuse to Drink the Wine at First?

Just as you might refuse to take a bite of a weird-looking snack at a friend’s house, Jesus initially refused the wine offered. But why? One theory is that he wanted to face his crucifixion fully aware, without the numbing effect of the drink. Another idea is that his refusal was a fulfillment of prophecy, a way of showing that he would not be swayed from his mission. It’s like a student deciding not to use cheat sheets during an exam because they know it’s not the right thing to do.

Why Did Jesus Eventually Drink the Wine?

So, why then, did Jesus drink eventually? If we return to our time travel analogy, imagine the sponge, filled with sour wine, being lifted up to Jesus on a reed. He’s tasted thereof, fulfilling the scriptures. It’s a powerful moment, much like reaching the top of a mountain after a

long hike and finally taking that drink of water you’ve been carrying all day.

The moment when Jesus accepted and drank the wine can be seen as an acceptance of his fate, a final act of obedience. It could have also symbolized his taking on the sins and bitterness of the world. Much like someone finally facing a problem they’ve been avoiding, it was a moment of acceptance and resolution.

In the end, the mixture of wine and gall that Jesus was given at the crucifixion, whether it was an act of mercy or mockery, whether he first refused it and then accepted it, forms a critical part of the narrative. It’s not just about what Jesus did or didn’t drink, it’s about understanding the complexity of his final moments and the symbolism tied up in those choices. It gives us a glimpse into the humanity of Jesus in the face of suffering, something everyone, even a 12th-grader, can relate to.

Jordan Roman, Endicott, New York

Jordan Roman, Endicott, New York
Hey everyone, I was part of an in-depth discussion about the use of wine mixed with myrrh in biblical times. The conversation was initiated by a user named Steve, who was curious about why a condemned criminal would be offered a strong narcotic drink. He also wondered about the strength of wine mixed with myrrh and its effects on the mind and body.

Naomi provided a detailed response. She explained that the passage in the gospels about the offering of wine to Jesus was significantly edited to fit into the fulfillment of a prophecy. She also pointed out that myrrh doesn’t have significant pain-relieving qualities, and the belief that it does might be a misinterpretation of ancient texts.

John, chimed in with his thoughts. He suggested that the wine mixed with myrrh might have been an expensive aromatic wine, offered as part of the mockery scene during Jesus’s crucifixion. He also pointed out that the most effective ingredient in the wine was likely the alcohol itself, which would have intoxicated the victim if enough was drunk.

The Role of Wine and Gall in the Crucifixion Narrative

If we were detectives looking at a crime scene, the crucifixion would be the scene, and the ‘wine mixed with gall’ would be an important piece of evidence. But this evidence isn’t as straightforward as it seems. Let’s delve into it.

Wine Offered in Mockery: An Analysis

Imagine being at the school playground and someone offers you a nice, cold drink after a tiring game of soccer. But, instead of a refreshing drink, you find your mouth full of an extremely bitter and unpleasant concoction. That’s exactly how Jesus might have felt when he was offered wine to drink while being crucified.

You see, some scholars believe that the ‘wine mixed with gall’ that was given to Jesus could have been given not as a merciful gesture, but as a cruel joke, kind of like the prank at the playground.

Just as the Romans had mocked Jesus by placing a crown of thorns on his head, this theory suggests that the wine was offered to Jesus as another form of ridicule. To better understand this, let’s examine the Biblical evidence.

In the Gospel of Matthew, it is written: “They came to a place called Golgotha… they gave him wine to drink mingled with gall.” This could suggest that the offering of this bitter drink was a final act of humiliation before his death.

Sour Wine Mingled with Gall: An Interpretation

Just like how a weird word in a riddle can completely change its meaning, the term ‘sour wine mingled with gall’ in the crucifixion narrative is somewhat of a puzzle piece.

In the Gospel of John, there’s a slightly different description: “A jar full of sour wine stood there, so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth.” This might not sound like a huge difference, but it actually opens up a whole new line of interpretation.

‘Sour wine’, or wine vinegar, was a common drink among Roman soldiers, somewhat like how soda is common today. The ‘gall’ could refer to a bitter substance, possibly a narcotic, that was mixed with the wine. The combination of sour wine and gall, therefore, might have been meant as a cheap, yet effective way to dull the pain of those being crucified.

Exploring the Significance of Wine Mixed With Gall

But what does this wine and gall concoction signify in the grand scheme of things? Well, in the crucifixion narrative, every detail is like a stroke in a grand painting, adding depth and meaning.

If we look at the Gospel of Mark, we find another variation: “They offered him wine mixed with myrrh, but he did not take it.” Now, myrrh was a valuable resin used in perfume and medicine, kind of like how we might use essential oils today.

The offering of wine mixed with myrrh could symbolize the world’s seductive pleasures and comforts. By refusing to drink of wine mixed with myrrh, Jesus demonstrated his total commitment to fulfilling his mission, knowing that all things had to go as planned.

So, whether it was wine mixed with gall, sour wine, or wine mixed with myrrh, the act of offering this to Jesus and his refusal to accept it adds a powerful layer of meaning to the crucifixion narrative. Just like how every character in a novel has a purpose, so does every detail in this narrative.

Remember, just as we sometimes find out things aren’t always as they seem, so it goes with understanding the crucifixion. The ‘wine mixed with gall’ isn’t just about a drink, it’s about mockery, pain relief, temptation, and, ultimately, Jesus’ steadfast faith in his mission.

Debates and Discussions Wine, Vinegar, and Gall

Debates and Discussions: Wine, Vinegar, and Gall

Before we begin, imagine you are at your favorite smoothie shop. You notice two friends in front of you ordering the same smoothie, but they both insist on a different special ingredient. One wants it with spinach and the other insists on kale. They are both green leafy vegetables, both healthy, but they are not the same. This scenario gives a rough idea about our topic. The Bible mentions that Jesus was “offered him wine to drink, mingled with gall”, but there’s an ongoing debate about the exact ingredients of that drink.

Wine Mixed with Gall or Myrrh? A Debate

It’s similar to our smoothie analogy, right? But instead of spinach or kale, the debate revolves around gall or myrrh. Some scriptures and translations say it was wine mixed with gall, and others say it was wine mixed with myrrh. Let’s do a little bit of detective work, just like Nancy Drew or the Hardy Boys!

The ‘gall’ camp mainly comes from Matthew 27:34, which uses the exact words: “they offered him wine to drink, mingled with gall to drink.” On the other hand, the ‘myrrh’ camp cites Mark 15:23, where it says: “they offered him wine mingled with myrrh.” Seems like a classic mystery, right? Like we found two different pieces of a jigsaw puzzle.

But don’t worry, our story doesn’t end with a cliffhanger. Historical records help us understand that both gall and myrrh were used in ancient times for medicinal purposes. Gall, a bitter substance, was used as a pain reliever, while myrrh, a fragrant resin, was used as a wine preservative and could also have numbing effects. Like adding a bit of sugar or honey to a sour drink to make it more palatable.

So, it’s possible that both were used at different times or even together, like adding both spinach and kale to a smoothie. But that’s a conversation for a different day!

Vinegar and Gall: A Detailed Analysis

Let’s shift gears and talk about vinegar. We’ve all tasted vinegar, right? It’s sour, sometimes a bit too strong, but it also gives our salads that tangy kick we love. The “vinegar offered” is mentioned in the crucifixion narrative too.

John 19:29-30 says, “so they filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed, and gave him a drink.” Here, the vinegar (or sour wine) might have been used for a similar purpose as the gall or myrrh – to relieve pain.

Vinegar’s historical and symbolic significance is also quite intriguing. In biblical times, vinegar was a common drink among Roman soldiers because it was cheap and long-lasting. Symbolically, it represented suffering and hardship, fitting into the narrative of Jesus’s crucifixion.

We don’t have a time machine to go back and know for sure whether it was gall, myrrh, vinegar, or a combination. But examining these different elements gives us a deeper understanding of the crucifixion narrative. Just like our favorite detectives, every bit of evidence, every clue brings us closer to understanding the complete story.

Like that smoothie shop order, the difference might seem small, but it’s the little details that help us understand the whole picture. Whether it was gall, myrrh, vinegar, or a combination, we know one thing for sure – it was given to Jesus during a moment of immense suffering. And that’s the biggest piece of our puzzle.

Q&A: Wine Mixed With Gall

Let’s dig into some of the most common questions about ‘wine mixed with gall.’ We’ll keep things clear and straightforward, but don’t worry – we’re going to learn a lot!

What is ‘wine mixed with gall’?

When we talk about ‘wine mixed with gall’ in the Bible, we’re referring to a specific drink that was offered to Jesus during his crucifixion. Think of it like a bitter cocktail, only it wasn’t for enjoyment or celebration – far from it.

What is wine mixed with gall in the Bible?

In the Bible, ‘wine mixed with gall’ is a sour wine, which was usually a cheap variety, mixed with gall – a bitter substance. This mixture was offered to Jesus when he was crucified. It wasn’t a refreshing beverage; it was more of a numbing concoction, and Jesus was offered this before his crucifixion.

What is gall in the Bible?

In the Bible, ‘gall’ refers to something bitter. It’s not a fancy type of spice or herb, but rather a symbol of suffering and hardship. When it’s used in the context of the crucifixion story, it’s all about depicting the bitterness of the situation.

What is gall drink?

Well, ‘gall’ isn’t exactly a type of drink you’d find at your local coffee shop or pub. Instead, it’s a bitter substance, usually bile from an animal, that was sometimes mixed with wine in biblical times. This mix was more of a numbing agent than anything that would taste pleasant.

What is gall?

Gall is generally a bitter substance. In humans and many animals, gall (or bile) is produced by the liver to aid digestion. But when you see ‘gall’ mentioned in the Bible, it’s a symbol of bitterness or hardship.

Is gall poison?

Gall itself isn’t poison. However, when mixed with sour wine, as in the biblical account, it can have a numbing effect – but it’s not lethal. So no, it’s not like drinking a poison potion or anything like that.

Where in the Bible does it say ‘wine mixed with gall’?

The phrase ‘wine mixed with gall’ appears in Matthew 27:34. In this verse, Jesus is offered this mixture to drink just before his crucifixion. It’s one of those moments in the Bible that adds another layer to the depth and complexity of the crucifixion story.

What is the meaning of gall in the Bible?

In the Bible, ‘gall’ often represents bitterness or suffering. When Jesus is offered wine mixed with gall, it symbolizes the harsh and bitter reality of his suffering on the cross.

What is ‘gall’ used for?

In biblical times, gall mixed with wine was used as a type of crude anesthetic – something to help numb the pain. Nowadays, the term ‘gall’ is more commonly associated with the gallbladder, an organ that stores bile in the human body.

What does ‘wine mixed with myrrh’ do?

Here’s where things get a bit interesting. ‘Wine and myrrh’ – another combination we see in the Bible – might have been used as a kind of sedative or painkiller. Just like ‘wine mixed with gall,’ this blend wasn’t meant for a fun night out but rather to dull the pain and suffering during crucifixion.

We hope this Q&A session has helped you understand more about ‘wine mixed with gall’ and its significance in the Bible. Keep in mind that these are based on interpretations of biblical texts and historical context, so there’s always more to learn and explore!


Writing an article like this involves a lot of research. We’re pulling from a variety of different sources to make sure we’re giving you the most accurate information. In this section, I want to give credit where credit is due. So, here are some of the sources that helped make this article possible.

Biblical References

  • The Bible – Our primary source of information is the good ol’ Bible itself. Whether you prefer the King James Version (KJV), the New International Version (NIV), or any other version, all provide insightful perspectives on our topic.



  • Biblica.com – This website offers an online version of the NIV Bible, along with many useful study resources.
  • BibleHub – Another great resource for exploring different versions of the Bible and their commentaries.
  • BibleStudyTools.com – This website includes multiple Bible versions, dictionaries, and other study resources.


Just like when we’re putting together a puzzle, each of these sources gives us a piece of the overall picture. They help us better understand the significance of ‘wine mixed with gall’ in the crucifixion story. Now, isn’t that amazing? It’s like being a detective, piecing together different clues to solve a big mystery.

That’s all for the references. But remember, keep questioning, keep exploring, and keep learning. The more you learn, the more pieces of the puzzle you’ll have, and the clearer the picture will become. Happy learning!

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